Nursing professionals and doctors focus on providing quality healthcare. Despite exhibiting diverse viewpoints towards health, these professionals make use of social construction theories. Importantly, both nurses and doctors must be responsive to their relationships with patients. Studies have indicated that gestures and words used during interactions could symbolize larger issues including how doctors can maintain their authority (Thomas et al., 2014). Similarly, patients can also use their spoken signals and expressions to influence the doctors and nurses in understanding patient’s social and health backgrounds. Based on these signals nursing professionals can interpret the signals; hence adapting to their language and behavior. The social construct theory reveals how nurses or medical practitioners can construct and reconstruct their patients (Riel, 2016). Personal identity and social construct seem to overlap for doctors and patients. Therefore, nurses can use such values and beliefs derived from personal identity and social context to influence the response of patients when promoting a healthier lifestyle and controlling chronic pain. The social construction theory makes it possible for nurses to respond to the needs and complex personal different to achieve quality patient care.
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The behavior of an individual can easily be transformed based on the reinforcement of operant conditioning. Behavioral modification presumes that measurable and observable conducts are critical for change. Without a doubt, the behavior is determined by a set of rules. In most cases, studies have proved that behavioral modification techniques can never disappoint, but can be applied inconsistently of inefficiently leading to undesired change (Barley & Lawson, 2016). For example, children have functioned effectively under the right consequences. Punishments and reinforcers are consequences which weaken and reinforce behaviors respectively. Student’s behaviors depend on the consequences of their classroom behaviors. Similarly, it has proved critical to motivating people to change their unhealthy behaviors. According to Hardcastle et al. (2015), health behavior change depends on the level of motivation. The social psychological theorists have focused on promoting actions by transforming motivation into action through self-motivation, goal-setting, implementation intentions, and action planning. Therefore, positive reinforcement or operant conditioning can help to reinforce desired behavior.