Critique of Research Report

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.83 (6 Votes)

Critique of Research Report

Student’s Name

Name of institution

1        Introduction

  1. Statement of the problem

            This study is clear about the problem that research seeks to identify and find the possible solutions to. The statement of the problem lies in the fact that most patients who are in critical health conditions and using life –supporting equipment in the ICU are not in a position to make their own health related decisions. This calls for the intervention of the close family members who are allowed to make decisions on their own. The study thus is out to analyze various factors in relation to the idea of family members making critical decisions on behalf of their sick relatives.

  1. Purpose of the Study

            The purpose of this study is clearly outlined as seeking to find out the experiences that family members of the patients have while they make decisions that are critical to the health of the patients and provide the most appropriate approach on way forward in regards to their health.

  1. Specific objecties
  • Analyze factors that either promote or hinder decision making of the patients’ signatories/relatives
  • Understand the effects of the decisions made by the relatives.
  • Determine the factors that guide the family members in knowing what to rely on when making decisions.

2        Substantive and Theoretical Dimensions

  1. Relevance of research problem and significance

            This research is relevant and quite important especially at this time when the number of patients across the globe on life supporting machines has almost doubled due to the development of both communicable and non-communicable disease that result into extreme medical conditions that eventually endanger the lives of patients. This makes them unable to properly function as the brain and thinking patterns may be malfunctioned thus members of the family have to constantly step in to provide the necessary assistance.

  1. Congruence between research questions and methods used

            The research questions in this case are derived from the specific objectives which included;

  • What factors affect your decision-making process?
  • How do you know that the decisions you made were the right ones?
  • What challenges do you experience in making the decisions on behalf of your family members?
  • Are there any decisions you have made before that you regret?

            These questions are very well in line with the qualitative method that is used. This is because as shall be discussed in the next section, qualitative research seeks to follow a narrative approach in order to gauge not just the statistics but also the emotions and the patients’ relatives’ experiences. Feelings will be analysed and evaluated in this method.

  1. Literature Review

            The researcher began by conducting a desk research and literature review on the already existing documents regarding patients and their family members decision making processes. Examples are given on what previous qualitative examples have found out and suggested (p.31). This is important to enable the researcher have some background information on what has already been done and also to identify the existing research gaps.

3        Methodological Dimensions

  1. Research Design

            This research will adapt a qualitative approach design to come up with the findings. This has been preferred over quantitative research for various reasons. To begin with, quantitative research involves the analysis of concept through numerical data while qualitative research focuses on narrative data to gain insight into the study. Quantitative research approach will not be the most appropriate for this study as it involves collecting numeric data by using instruments that are fully closed ended and use scales for rating. This will not perfectly fit the requirements of this study that includes using semi structured questionnaires for data collection that are either unstructured or semi structured like interviews, case studies and observations.  Quantitative research method also focuses on various behaviour that are controlled by artificial conditions unlike the qualitative research method required in this study that focuses on studying behaviour of the patients’ relatives involved in decision making as directly related to the contextual framework and environment. Qualitative research offers the team with findings that are particular to the study and which gives in-depth analysis of the viewpoints given by all the respondents involved in interviews, meaning that the results are oriented to the respondents. On the contrary, quantitative research will only provide findings that are generalized which give an overall perspective of the responses from correspondents and present the viewpoint of the researchers involved (Johnston & Christen, 2004).

  1. Population and Sample

            A population sample of 17 people was selected for the study. This was not done randomly but in a purposive manner to specifically target those who have taken part in decision making on behalf of their relatives before.

  1. Collection of Data

            This study employed the use of semi structured interviews and surveys to gather qualitative data. This collection method was the best in this case. The World Health organization defines interviews as methodical and organized ways of interacting with people through careful listening to their responses of the asked questions. This enables data collection by from the respondents, who in this case were the patients’ relatives that the researchers involved. In this type of data collection, the reaction and perception of the one being interviewed is more important than those of the interviewer. This is what makes an interview be viewed as a process of interchanging views and opinions among people on a common topic of discussion. The researcher in this study has asked valid questions that have generated appropriate responses from the participants and have contributed towards the development of this research findings. The questions seem to have been designed in a way to motivate the respondents to feel free and give maximum details without any forms of biases. Interviews are the most preferred methods because of the demand to have data that is highly personalized. They also provide interviewers with opportunities to probe more the respondents and seek clarifications in case of doubt. This research also provided a good rate of return and may also provide assistance to respondents who had difficulties in understanding and responding to certain questions. The key informants were medical experts and the relatives of the patients who were directly involved in making decisions on patients’ behalf. The experts were people considered to have unique skills or professional backgrounds related to the topic making family decisions for life supported patients whose health conditions have seriously deteriorated. In depth interviews work best for the experts working independently since gathering them into a central location would be a daunting task, given their busy schedules.

  1. Validity internal and external

            The researcher had prolonged sessions with the respondents, sent out some copies of the questionnaires for counterchecking that information was accurate and credible.  Brief sessions were also held with peers and experts to evaluate the researcher’s progress and eliminate any biasness that were identified. These are effective measures of quality assurance in the study. Nonetheless, the researchers could also have used other methods of quality assurance such as back-checking a certain percentage of all interviews conducted by the research assistants (Kawulich,2005). This could have involved the selection of a sample of questions in the questionnaire and calling back respondents in order to re-interview and verify key points of the questionnaire.

  1. Limitation of the study

            The researcher also declares the limitations of the study as the unconscious biasness in the event of conducting the study. Another factor is the extreme emotional feelings that were displayed by some of the informants during interviews. A scientific researcher noted that it is always important to mention the limitations of a study so that they can be used to explain the manner in which the current work of research may be made better in the near future study analysis (Ioannidis 324-329).

4        Ethical Dimensions

  1. Confidentiality or anonymity

            The researcher has not revealed information throughout the analysis by mentioning names or extreme descriptions that may lead to hints of the respondents like their names, specific ages, and area of residence among others. Even in describing the characteristics of the respondents in table 2 (p. 32), the researcher is keen to only use codes of name, race and relationship to patient for the participants to label information rather than the direct use of names. A different should be kept by the researcher to later determine the matchup between the codes and names (Unite for Sight, 2013).

  1. Informed Consent

            The researcher made a crucial initiative by obtaining written consent from all participants who were involved in the study (p. 32). The World Health Organization recommends that in a research study, all participants must be provided with the informed consent forms (ICF), to portray acceptance and the free will to participate by participants. It further recommends that researches involving separate groups of people must have different consent forms designed to meet the needs of these group that are tailor made to suit them. This process enables participants take part in active decision making process (World Health Organization, 2011). The researcher fails to mention the structure of the consent forms ought to have designed the consent forms in two sections. Part one with a detailed description on the study nature to be conducted and part two containing the actual consent section for participants to sign as authorization to their willingness to take part in the study (Unite for Sight, 2013).

  1. Vulnerability of Study participants

            The qualities of data produced in research have over the years been issues of concern to most analysts. Most people are of the belief that unless certain research parameters are reached, then the entire research process is null and void. This thus calls for various measure controls such as both internal and external validities. Internal validity occurs when the results obtained can be directly associated with the treatment of the entire research process while external validity refers to the level at which the research findings can be generalized. The study participants are vulnerable to having their data shared without their consent. The researcher however has minimized the possibilities by providing the consent forms.

5        Interpretive Dimensions

  1. Discussion section

            The discussion section mainly highlights the key findings from the study. It nonetheless looks very short and should have been more engaging with the readers.

  1. Conclusion

            The research has helped the process to draw up certain conclusions in regards to family members being involved in the critical decision making process of their sick patient. It is evident that the process of involving family members in the process enables physicians be able to put into consideration the needs and concerns of the patient through the relatives. The implication of this study is that it may be used to inform the patient-centered approach in medical procedures. The researcher concludes by highlighting the various consequences discovered and how the decision making process affects most stakeholders.

6        Presentation and Stylistic Dimensions

  1. Missing information

            The researcher fails to mention how the research findings are going to be availed to other relevant stakeholders. The dissemination process is not clear.

  1. Grammar

            There are no grammatical errors in the paper, a sign that thorough proof reading and editing took believe. This could be attributed to the fact that it is a high level academic work that has featured in a renowned and reputable journal.

  1. Organization

            The researcher has organized the study information in a systematic manner. Looking at the very beginning of the document, the content is highlighted in a very clear summary and a reader can almost get the catch on what it is about thus very easy to follow through. The body of the study is also well organized to follow, almost in a narrative manner.

  1. Detailed information and less jargon

            The researcher has made careful choices of words and terminologies so as to make it simple for participants to understand. The research finally answers all the study questions and objectives that it had set out to work on.

      References

Ioannidis, J. "Limitations are not properly acknowledged in the scientific                                                    literature."Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. (2007): 324-329. Web. 18 Apr.                                  2013. <http://druginfo.creighton.edu/ebmcertificate/limitations.pdf>.

Johnston, A., & Christen, B. (2004). Comparison of quantitative, mixed, and qualitative                            approaches to             educational research. Retrieved from                                                                        http://www.utexas.edu/academic/ctl/assessment/iar/research/plan/types-                                         compare.pdf

Kawulich, B. B. (2005). Participant observation as a data collection method.Qualitative                            Social Research, 6(2), Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-                                 

            research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/466/996

Unite for Sight. (2013). Module 4: Consent, privacy, and confidentiality. Retrieved from                          http://www.uniteforsight.org/research-course/module4

World Health Organization. (2011). The process of obtaining informed consent.Research                         Ethics Review Committee, Retrieved from                                                            

            http://www.who.int/rpc/research_ethics/Process_seeking_IF_printing.pdf

Why choose us

Unlike most companies that offer all manner of writing services, NursingWritingServices.com specialize in only one industry. Medical and Nursing field. All our writers, editors and top management is comprised of individuals with strong medical background.It doesn't matter what you want. Whether it's a PhD thesis/dissertation or a Masters level or university essay, we have what it takes. All our services come with 100% money-back guarantee.

NursingWritingServices.com was founded not by just other ordinally folks looking to make money out of medical and nursing writing business, but real medical and nursing trained individuals. The entire team of custom nursing writers have medical training backgrounds, a fact that makes us stand out from the others. Our nursing writers can handle any assignment from college to university to PhD.

  • Custom Written Papers Free from plagiarism
  • 100% Privacy guarantee. Details of client never shared
  • 100% refund guarantee for poorly written work
  • Timely delivery of all Essays, research papers etc
  • Qualified and experienced medical and nursing writers

Nurses spend a lot of time with their patients as it is part of their healthcare system. It is part of their job as they get lots of opportunities in observing and monitoring patients to see how they are faring and spot problems early. Understanding how to asses a patient’s wellbeing i.e. checking his or her pressure and temperature is part of her daily routine. Undertaking this career often leaves nurses with lots of questions. Many are not always content with their selves as it is a process which requires deep preparations and the right attitude for the job. Nurses are in demand for their services in many healthcare centers. It is also evident because many schools require admission letters of purpose before joining. Nursing skills are vital in preparing yourself for a future of serving and caring for others by learning and acquiring upon the skills and characteristics needed to succeed on the job. Many clinical skills are important that will help you achieve greater strides in your career.

1. Good communication skills

Nurses are always on the frontline of care. Many will have to pass critical information that is coming from a physician to a patient. He or she must create an open dialogue with patients and their families so they fully comprehend medication, diagnosis or any other medical concerns that may be in need. Clear concise information amongst fellow colleagues is key as it involves sharing of responsibilities and caring for your patients. Many nurses find themselves sharing information with critically ill patients or their doctors. Strong communication is critical for achieving this.

2. Possess critical thinking skills

For one to be admitted to the nursing field, critical skills are vital to employing in your everyday life situations. Crucial decisions need to be met and solved on the spot as it always a matter of life and death. Showing confidence and quickly mitigating the issue is necessary to the nursing profession field.

3. Flexibility

Nurses often meet surprises in their daily operations. Emergency situations are constant in their day to day operations. Many nurses should be able to juggle the strenuous schedules that they have. Showing the capability to adapt to the evolving schedules is imperative to them succeeding. Apart from acquiring skills, nursing must constantly attend remedial classes or go back to books to improve their nursing skills. as the world continues to evolve so is the emergence of new medications and diseases that should have them prepared for the rest of their careers.

There are multiple sources for improving nursing skills. resources help improve a nurse’s competency in the profession and provides an overview of procedures or the desired outcomes that need communication with the patient’s family. Nurses can also improve their skillsets by acquiring additional resources that include resources covering a wide range of topics that relate to their communication skills, critical thinking skills and about drug information.

Enhancement of your clinical skills also includes accessing drug information and also knowing those that contain precautions, side effects before administering them to patients. Another way of enhancing your skillset is by continuing to work on education modules that will help expand their knowledge capacity and thinning areas. Having a broad scope of knowledge is beneficial to one’s career. Many diseases are emerging in this fast-paced moving healthcare environment. One can increase their skills with additional resources that includes going through research information’s found in clinical libraries and textbooks covering a wide range of topics. Nurses can greatly improve their skills through resources which focus on many areas of clinical nursing that include patient care, technical, nursing, communication, and critical thinking skills as stated above.

Health and Human Ecology Research Paper

Human ecology is a sub-discipline in ecology which focuses on humans. It is the study of the relationships of humans with natural, social and other environments.A Health and human ecology research paper is written by a students in the field of medicine, and it involves researching on the topic, then crafting a quality research paper on the same. No student graduates without writing a quality research paper. Since quality research paper writing is always important, students should ensure they research reliably well on the research paper topics in question. Tutors will never give grades for shoddy work, therefore, students must ensure they research comprehensively on their papers.




HOW IT WORKS

1. You place an order and provide any necessary instructions

2. We assign your work to a writer with a relevant degrees

3. The assigned writer starts working on your paper right away

4. We send the completed paper to your email and accounts





GET Health and human ecology research paper help.

Research and writing are very demanding tasks, and getting the time to effect these processes is a challenge to a good number of students. This is why it is important for any student who is busy, or who simply lacks the writing experience called for to get help from online writing help providers. There are competent writing help providers which will craft any student an authentic Health and human ecology research paper. Students should however understand that it is only a full fledged writing company which will give them the best papers.




Choose NursingWritingServices.com.

Nursing Writing Servicesis a competent writing company which will craft you the best Health and human ecology research paper. We have been writing for long to understand the writing standards we must match all through. Every client gets a competent paper done according to instructions given. We also have a competent client support staff which can be reached at by any client regardless of the time of the day. Our unique 24 hour free chat service will be open to all clients.




OUR EXCLUSIVE FEATURES

Are you wondering who will write your Nursing paper? Look no further. With the help of our experienced writers and exclusive features, nursingwritingservices.com is an Online Nursing Paper writing company that takes up responsibility to give you a quality and original Nursing paper. Some of the exclusive features are as shown below:

Integrated plagiarism checker

Guaranteed 100% original Nursing papers every day

Live chat with your writer

Guide writers on your expectations and suggestions while they work

Choose your favorite writer

Select from hundreds of writers and pick your favorite one for your Nursing papers

Free preview of your order

Get a free preview of your Nursing papers and request for any revisions




We Guarantee Quality.

We are a writing company of excellence which understands that it is only top quality research papers which get positive grades. We have therefore invested well in outstanding research facilities to ensure clients get authentic papers. We also have a competent proofreading panel which will reread your original Health and human ecology research paper to ensure it is competent.




Choose NursingWritingServices.com to get;

  • A top quality Health research paper.
  • A timely submission of your paper.
  • We guarantee privacy.
  • No hidden charges on writing health and human ecology research papers.
  • Get the best cited Health and human ecology research papers.
  • Top quality Health and human ecology research papers by competent and professional writers.
  • Most reliable client support staff.
  • 100% original Health and human ecology research paper.
  • 24/7 free chat service .
  • Free health and human ecology research paper revisions if clients are dissatisfied.



BEST HEALTH AND HUMAN ECOLOGY RESEARCH PAPER ONLINE





WHY CHOOSE US?

We have able writers.

  • Our health and human ecology research paper writers have been writing for long to understand the writing standards every single research paper written should match.
  • We have excellent writers who are not intimidated by any health and human ecology research paper topic .
  • Health and human ecology research paper writers have been through top ranking Universities all over the world, and are natives of English speaking countries.
  • We guarantee clients an authentic Health and human ecology research paper done by a writer holding Masters or PhD degrees in different academic fields.
  • Our health and human ecology research paper writers can be reached at by any client through our 24/7 free chat service, in-case clients have a question they want answers or specifications to give.
  • The writers draft you a custom Health and human ecology research paper according to instructions given.



Best Nursing Paper writers

Our Professional writers comprises of medical doctors, nurses and pharmacist with passion for writing and research

Read More

Custom & Non-Plagiarised Papers

Our nursing papers are crafted from scratch and we offer money-back guarantee on originality of our custom papers.

Read More

Affordable Prices. Great Quality.

Our prices are formulated in a way that ensure good quality papers and cost effective services for our clients

Read More




Recent Orders By Our Writers




FAQs

The writers we select must be professionals who have built an admirable reputation in the medical field. And who have enough background on nursing management.

We offer our clients free unlimited research paper revisions to their satisfaction

Yes it is possible to monitor the progress of your research paper order. Our website has a 24/7 live chat support that guarantees that you continually communicate with your writer about everything.

Yes you can! You can place your order on our website. Our research writing services are global.

In case you are not satisfied with the health and human ecology that we write kindly notify us. You are entitled to unlimited revisions until you are fully satisfied.

Yes. You can contact our support team and request for the draft. Make sure you request for the draft early enough.

We normally follow the client’s instructions. The client is allowed to select the topics they want us to include in the research paper or they can allow us to include the relevant topics ourselves.

Not at all. All our writers are professional and always write unbiased research papers.




What Clients Say



Related Services

developmental disability nursing research paper

Developmental disability refers to a certain cognitive and, or physical impairment occurring to humans in the early stages of life. It is a permanent impairment which can also occur to anyone below 18 years of age.A developmental disability nursing research paper is an academic paper written by student doing nursing as a course. The student will simply be required to craft a competent paper on this topic.




HOW IT WORKS

1. You place an order and provide any necessary instructions

2. We assign your work to a writer with a relevant degrees

3. The assigned writer starts working on your paper right away

4. We send the completed paper to your email and accounts





Write From Research.

The best crafted research paper will get a student positive grades. This is because tutors will want a strong demonstration through competent writing that the student in question has grasped what they learn in class. As a student, you should understand that crafting an authentic developmental disability nursing research paper will require you to conduct research earnestly. Outstanding essays will get positive grades, because tutors are knowledgeable intellectuals. Information should also be gotten from reliable sources.




Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper help

If you are a student who can not get ample time to craft a research paper, or if writing experience escapes you, get help. There are multiple online writing companies with the capability of crafting you a quality developmental disability nursing research paper, provided you choose the best. Top quality writing companies will provide you with papers of high standard, and before you trust any company with your paper, check its authenticity. Nursing Writing Servicesis a quality writing service provider. We guarantee clients authentic research papers because we are well exposed in writing to understand the writing standards we must match all through. We have a competent client support staff, and a unique 24 hour free chat service, which is open to any client. Your custom developmental disability nursing research paper will be done according to instructions given and submitted to beat any submission deadlines.




OUR EXCLUSIVE FEATURES

Are you wondering who will write your Nursing paper? Look no further. With the help of our experienced writers and exclusive features, nursingwritingservices.com is an Online Nursing Paper writing company that takes up responsibility to give you a quality and original Nursing paper. Some of the exclusive features are as shown below:

Integrated plagiarism checker

Guaranteed 100% original Nursing papers every day

Live chat with your writer

Guide writers on your expectations and suggestions while they work

Choose your favorite writer

Select from hundreds of writers and pick your favorite one for your Nursing papers

Free preview of your order

Get a free preview of your Nursing papers and request for any revisions




Why choose NursingWritingServices.com?

  • They are graduates from the best universities all over the world and natives of English speaking countries.
  • Our writers are competent intellectuals who have been writing for long.
  • We guarantee an excellent developmental disability nursing research paper because our writers have been lecturers before hence understand the writing standards your research paper must match.
  • They have Masters and PhD degrees in numerous academic fields, and will craft you an authentic developmental disability nursing research paper.
  • Ours are friendly intellectuals who can be reached at by any client at any time of the day, through our unique 24 hour free chat service.
  • They follow instructions fully, and this is why you will get a top quality essay.



BEST DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY NURSING RESEARCH PAPER ONLINE





Quality Research Papers.

It is through quality writing alone that a student will get positive grades. This means that students should get help from a writing company that is capable of delivering. Nursing Writing Serviceswill not let you down, and this is because we have outstanding research facilities which we use fully to guarantee authentic papers. We also have a competent proofreading panel to guarantee you authentic research papers.
With us;

  • You get the best cited developmental disability nursing research paper.
  • We are 0ffer Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper help wiyh low prices
  • We guarantee privacy and Confidentiality.
  • Get a top quality developmental disability nursing research paper.
  • We guarantee timely submission of Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper
  • No hidden charges.
  • We are available round the clock.
  • Get a 100% original developmental disability nursing research paper.
  • 24/7 Free chat service for Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper help.
  • Free Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper revisions if your custom paper is substandard.
  • Competent Developmental Disability Nursing Research Paper writers.






Best Nursing Paper writers

Our Professional writers comprises of medical doctors, nurses and pharmacist with passion for writing and research

Read More

Custom & Non-Plagiarised Papers

Our nursing papers are crafted from scratch and we offer money-back guarantee on originality of our custom papers.

Read More

Affordable Prices. Great Quality.

Our prices are formulated in a way that ensure good quality papers and cost effective services for our clients

Read More




Recent Orders By Our Writers




FAQs

A good number of our developmental disability nursing research paper writers are registered members of the developmental disabilities nursing association.

Our writers are very hardworking so it is possible as long as you include your deadline when you make your research paper order.

Yes you can, however, your essay will be assigned to one of our writers once you have made full payment for it.

You can always use a plagiarism checker to ensure that the work you have received is original. In case the work is plagiarized the writer will revise the essay at no fee.

In case you are not satisfied with the developmental disability research paper that we write kindly notify us. You are entitled to unlimited revisions until you are fully satisfied.

We don’t put a limit on the number of pages a research paper should have. We allow our clients to decide on the number of pages they want their research papers to have.

Yes it is possible. You can communicate with the writer working on your essay and inform them of any further instructions or changes




What Clients Say



Related Services