Nursing Care of the Family During Pregnancy
For a majority of women, missing a menstrual period is a sign that they are pregnant and most of them attend their first prenatal visit after the test is positive.However, diagnosis proves to be challenging before missing the second period (Leifer, 2013). For instance, physical variations, tumors, or obesity can confuse even the most experienced examiner. However, accuracy in this case is paramount because there are serious social, emotional, legal, or medical consequences for a diagnosis that could mislead. To ensure that it is correctly done, factors such as basal body temperature (BBT), and a reliable date for the last menstrual period (LMP)are of greatvalue (Leifer, 2013).
On accepting the nature of the situation, a woman’s self-concept changesas she prepares her new role as a parent. She moves to being committed to a lifelong concern for another person from being an independent person (Leifer, 2015). This transformation requires mastery of developmental responsibilities. For example, accepting the pregnancy, reordering how she relates with her mother and her partner, as well as identifying with the roles of a mother (Leifer, 2015).
The prenatal phase avails to the nurses and other individuals who make up the healthcare team with an opportunity to influence health in a family. They diagnose if their patients are pregnant and also guide them on the responsibilities they should expect as parents.
Fine, S. H., Krell, R., Lin, T., Beiser, M., Freeman, D. S., & Nann, R. (2012). Today's Priorities in Mental Health: Children and Families - Needs, Rights and Action. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
Leifer, G. (2013). Maternity nursing: An introductory text. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Leifer, G. (2015). Introduction to maternity and pediatric nursing. St. Louis, Missouri : Elsevier