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NURS 6501 Final Exam Review Guide

Concepts of Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders 

  • Pathophysiology of diseases that not only affect the nervous system and can secondarily impact the musculoskeletal system.
  • The pathophysiological structure, function, and alterations in the MS system
  • Pathophysiological changes of Lyme’s Disease in adults
  • Alterations in cognitive systems to include confusion states, delirium, and Parkinson’s Disease.
  • Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular and Lymphatic Systems • Pathophysiological changes related to Pain, Temperature Regulation, Sleep, and Sensory Function 
  • How does patient characteristics such as racial and ethnic variables impact altered physiology?
  • How does the pathophysiology of spinal injuries impact patients? • What is the impact of patient characteristics on disorders and altered physiology. 

Common Neurological and MS disorders and the pathophysiological nature of  these issues in adults and children: 

  • Stroke 
  • Multiple sclerosis 
  • Transient Ischemic Attack 
  • Myasthenia gravis 
  • Headache 
  • Seizure disorders 
  • Head injury 
  • Spinal cord injury 

Inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system 

  • Osteoporosis 
  • Osteopenia 
  • Bursitis 
  • Tendinitis 
  • Gout 
  • Lyme Disease
  • Spondylosis 
  • Fractures 
  • Parkinson’s 
  • Alzheimer’s 
  • Three basic bone-formations: 
  • Osteoblasts 
  • Osteocytes 
  • Osteoclasts 


Concepts of Psychological Disorders 

  • What are the connections between biological factors and psychological disorders as they affect factors such as substance abuse? 
  • The pathophysiological changes in Neurobiology of Schizophrenia, Mood  Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Common psychological disorders and the pathophysiological nature of these  issues in adults and children: 

  • Generalized anxiety disorder 
  • Depression 
  • Bipolar disorders 
  • Schizophrenia 
  • Delirium and dementia 
  • Obsessive compulsive disease 

Women’s and Men’s Health, Infections, and Hematologic Disorders 

  • The pathophysiology, structure, and function of the reproductive systems. • Pathophysiological changes related to women’s and men’s health, infections, and hematologic disorders.
  • How can racial/ethnic variables impact the physiological functioning of these disorders.
  • The impact of alterations in erythrocytes, platelets, and hemostatic  function as it relates to pathophysiological responses in adults and children.
  • The impact of alterations of Leukocyte and Lymphoid Function as it relates  to pathophysiological responses in adults. 

Common women’s, men’s, infections, and hematologic disorders and the  pathophysiological nature of these issues in adults: 

  • Sexually transmitted diseases 
  • Prostate 
  • Epididymitis 
  • Factors that affect fertility 
  • Reproductive health 
  • Alterations and fertility 
  • Anemia 
  • ITP and TTP 
  • DIC 
  • Thrombocytopenia 


  • Shock, Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome, and Burns in Children 

Common pediatric disorders and the pathophysiological nature of these issues in  children: 

  • Cancer in Children 
  • Growth and development 
  • Normal growth patterns 
  • Scoliosis (ortho) 
  • Kawasaki 
  • Alterations in children 
  • Congenital (heart syndrome) 
  • PDAs 
  • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) 
  • Asthma 
  • Lead poisoning and effects on neurological functioning 
  • Sickle cell 
  • Hemophilia

Note: It is strongly recommended that you review your Knowledge Checks at least  48 hours before taking the Final exam.