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How to become a nurse in Philippines

How to become a nurse in Philippines

Filipino nurses work at many health care institutions abroad in United States, Europe and some countries in the Middle East. Employers like the selfless spirit to offer care but how do they train?

To become a nurse in the Philippines requires you to have a Bachelor of Science in Nursing and pass a board exam. The duties of a nurse after you graduate are to assess the health problems by patients, develop and implement nursing care plans. They also administer nursing care to the sick, injured, convalescent and disabled patients.

Other duties of a nurse may include:

  • Maintaining medical records
  • Advise patients about health maintenance and prevention of diseases
  • Provide care management
  • Also, they may also advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management.

Admission Requirements For a BSN Program

Requirements at various nursing schools can differ but very slightly. These conditions are common across schools.

  • High school education
  • Pass a college entrance examination to get above average score or the specified rating by a nursing school
  • Pass an interview conducted by college admission officers. Some schools require an 85% and above for high school QPA and a grade of at least of 80% in all the high school subjects. Other schools require students to attain an average rating of 85% or higher in NSAT (National Secondary Assessment Test).
  • The pass mark for Admission for PEPT (Philippine Educational Placement Test) frequently depends on the discretion of a nursing school since some universities and colleges only teach selected courses.

Is a BSN Course Challenging?

It depends on the student's ability. BSN course is not very difficult but is challenging. It requires commitment and accuracy. There is no room to make mistakes during clinical duties as the life of a patient is at stake. Nursing requires the right mindset especially during clinical exposures since situations in hospitals can quite unpredictable.

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What do Students Learn in Training?

A BSN program in the Philippines takes four years to instilling knowledge to students and introducing necessary skills on how to take care of the ill and injured.

BSN program revolves around these four components:

  1. Health promotion
  2. Disease prevention
  3. Risk reduction
  4. Health restoration

Professional nursing consists of classes in Theoretical Foundations in Nursing and nursing care management. In addition to nursing, BSN students also study subjects in General Education (English, Filipino, and Mathematics). Students learn to use the most important concepts of a nursing process namely:

  • Assessment
  • Diagnosis
  • Planning
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation

During the Nursing Program, you also prepare to perform health assessments accurately, make essential nursing interventions and to provide Perioperative care. Medical documentation, emergency, and disaster response are also part of the training.

At the end of a BSN program, you will have learned how to provide care to patients with special needs including:

  • Mental illnesses (Bipolar disorder, multiple identity disorder, etc.)
  • Developmental disorders like Autism
  • Degenerative Disorder, for example, Parkinson’s disease
  • Physical disabilities (Comatose Patient)
  • Terminally ill patients who require palliative care patients

Classroom discussions and return demonstrations whereby students demonstrate what they learn to the clinical instructor are the teaching methods that nursing schools employ. When students grasp the basics of nursing, they start going for clinical exposures at different healthcare settings.

During clinical exposure that is also known as a clinical duty or related learning experience (RLE), instructors make arrangements to distribute students to different community clinic and hospital settings. In the Philippines, nursing students have to take at least 2,346 hours in RLE. An experienced clinical instructor supervises the students as they participate in nursing interventions. They also assign the patients on which the students will perform the interventions.