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IRB Report Writing and Editing help

What is the Institutional Review Board (IRB)?

The Institutional Review Board (IRB) is an administrative body that was established to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects that were recruited to participate in research activities that were carried out under the auspices of the institution that it is affiliated with. The IRB was established in 1974.

Reporting to the IRB – What You Need to Know

The Institutional Review Board is tasked with the role of examining any and all research involving human subjects prior to its beginning, regardless of whether or not the research is sponsored. The wellbeing, rights, and privacy of human subjects are some of the things that the IRB is concerned with protecting. The IRB has the authority to approve, disapprove, monitor, and require modifications in any and all research activities that fall under its jurisdiction as specified by both the federal regulations and the institutional policy. This authority is granted to the IRB by both the federal regulations and the institutional policy. In order to conduct an exhaustive and exhaustive evaluation of human research and its institutional, legal, scientific, and social ramifications, the Institutional Review Board (IRB) must have at least five members who come from a variety of different disciplines.

 There will also be at least one member of the Board who is not connected in any way with the organization, and there will also be at least one member who is not a scientist. The IRB makes use of a number of advisors, each of whom provides the Board with advice and participates in the protocol review process on occasion.


Readability of your study materials is an important consideration that should be made when you submit your request to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for approval of the research you intend to conduct for your dissertation. In this context, the term "research materials" refers to anything such as letters, documents, forms, or instructions that your participants will see (e.g., informed consent forms and invitation letters). These materials need to be prepared in a way that allows your participants to read and comprehend the information being presented to them. Readability is crucial in all studies, but it is particularly relevant when researching children or other populations whose average reading ability is lower than that of the average adult participant in the study. You may be required to produce a readability report for your study materials in order to demonstrate that the reading level of the materials is appropriate for the participants in your study. This requirement can vary depending on the population of your study as well as the specific requirements of your IRB. In this blog post, we will illustrate how to get a readability report as well as how to make your contents easier to read.\

 Are you looking for help in your IRB Application Process? Chat with us on Whatsapp:  +15672691073


The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) lays the groundwork for the data protection regulations that must be met for research involving human subjects that generates, collects, uses, or discloses health data. This protection focuses primarily on personally identifiable health information, which can be information in any form that relates to an individual's past, present, or future medical health condition or payments relating to healthcare services. In other words, this protection is concerned with information that can be traced back to an individual. When it comes to the enforcement of these procedures, one can put their trust in an IRB to evaluate whether or not the regulations have been complied with. In addition, study participants are strongly encouraged to seek out the organization's authorities or the relevant federal or state agencies in order to make complaints or enquire about the protective measures being taken.

According to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), the definition of research is a "systematic investigation" that contributes to "generalizable knowledge" and includes "creation, testing, and assessment of data." It is essential to point out that certain investigative actions that involve patient data are not considered research according to this definition, as they fall outside of its scope. For instance, studies that are meant to be utilized for quality assessment or refinement of guidelines and protocols do not fall under the purview of this definition of research, nor do they qualify as research. In this scenario, a different set of HIPAA regulations would come into play.

In the event that the dataset can be classified as research, HIPAA stipulates that the subject must give their express authorisation (consent) before the data can be used in any way. The participant, on the other hand, has the right to withdraw consent at any time and must do so in writing if they choose to do so. This right applies to any and all forms of consent. Without the individual's approval, HIPAA does on occasion permit access to their data for research purposes. This can occur when there is only a small risk associated in the research, when it is conducted simply for the purpose of research, when only information from people who have passed away is used, or when the research was grandfathered in from before the appropriate legal approvals were in place. In addition, if the data is fully de-identified, which means that all direct identifiers connected to the data have been erased, a researcher does not require the approval of individual data subjects to proceed with their research.

Researchers have the responsibility, in addition to adhering to the rule of privacy for person health information, of maintaining the confidentiality of individual health information. The disclosure of the appropriate security precautions that are in place to keep the data safe is required under this rule, which is known as the security rule. According to this rule, researchers are required to inform each subject about the security rule.

IRB-Privacy and Confidentiality

When evaluating a proposed plan for a piece of research, members of the IRB committee take a variety of rules into consideration. When conducting reviews, maintaining the participants' privacy and confidentiality in a reasonable manner is a standard norm that must be followed. This means that researchers have an obligation to give the participant control over the type and amount of information (privacy) that they contribute, and they also have an obligation to secure the information that participants do submit to researchers (confidentiality).

There are numerous ways in which one's right to privacy—that is, the ability to control the degree to which, when, and under what conditions they divulge information about themselves—can be violated. The use of a variety of research techniques, such as observational studies, focus groups, and snowball sampling, is one approach. Focus groups are unable to maintain privacy or confidentiality since participants may talk about what was discussed after the study has come to a close. On the other hand, observational studies represent a threat to privacy if private information is obtained without the subject's knowledge or consent. Invasion of privacy can also occur if the participant feels the study questions are inappropriate or intrusive. It is possible that questions regarding sensitive subjects, such as substance misuse, medication, or sexual activity, will cause the participant to feel uneasy. For this reason, research projects that incorporate sensitive issue questions ought to include a warning in the consent form. Therefore, the privacy of a participant can be preserved by using the right steps to acquire data and reevaluating research questions for privacy concerns. However, there are always complexities to these notions, and the researcher needs to assess the reasonable assumption of privacy on a case-by-case basis for each study they do. This is due to the fact that information that is considered private in some contexts may not provide as much of a barrier to its disclosure in others; a good illustration of this would be information concerning one's health or financial position.

On the other side, the term "confidentiality" refers to the handling of information that an individual has supplied with the expectation that it will not be disclosed to other individuals. It is possible to secure participants' privacy in a number of straightforward ways, one of which is to de-identify the information participants provide or to assign numbers to participants so that their personal information cannot be linked back to them. In addition, the manner in which the data and information will be safeguarded have to be spelled out in a comprehensible written fashion within the consent form.

IRB-Internet Based Research

Many researchers have been forced to make adjustments in order to deal with the new obstacles that come along with the process of developing and conducting studies online as a result of the meteoric development in popularity of the internet over the past ten years. When utilizing a platform that is based online, it is significantly more challenging to handle concerns such as the protection of personally identifiable information or the verification of an individual's adult status because there is no easy answer to these problems.

Internet can be used in two ways by researchers: first, as a tool to conduct research, often with very little or no interaction with the participant; second, as a medium to disseminate the findings of the research. This can be done through the use of questionnaires or by observing how individuals interact with one another online. Second, the internet can be utilized as a setting to conduct research on human behavior, for example by making use of the material that can be obtained on online communities and social media websites. This, however, might be challenging due to the fact that certain online communities make use of avatars, which are fictional characters that stand in for the actual community members. Acquiring knowledge from these avatars can lead to a false sense of reality due to the fact that it is generally accepted that these characters do not accurately mirror the real-world qualities of the participant.

Even while the internet can be a helpful tool, maintaining one's privacy and secrecy while using the internet is becoming difficult. For instance, private information on the internet may be defined by the fact that the researcher would need to log onto a site in order to access it, whereas an account that can be accessed without logging in could be regarded as public information. On the other hand, other websites give users access to a subset of their information for a predetermined amount of time. In addition, individuals can have the mistaken impression that the information they share online is more confidential than it actually is. These complexities contribute to a more muddled understanding of what may and cannot be considered private on the internet.

Internet research brings up a number of challenges, one of which is maintaining users' confidentiality. This is because of something that is known as re-identification, which is the concept that de-identified data can be linked to a specific person based on the information that was utilized in the study. This is the reason why this is the case. For instance, the Internet Protocol (IP) addresses of the participants might be tracked, or the data that is kept on the cloud might be hacked. In spite of the fact that some survey sites, like Qualtrics, provide respondents with the opportunity to acquire data without providing an IP address, adequate precautions must still be taken to protect the confidentiality and privacy of the data. Encrypting the data, storing it in a safe and secure location, and providing the participants with a description of the risks in a consent form are the protections that are included here.

Academic Nursing Essay Writers

Nursing essay help

The first few months of nursing school expose students to an array of challenging but essential topics. They will all contribute to the care and nursing of those in need at some time in their lives, no matter what subject they study at university. While some nursing students, while admittedly excellent in the practical aspects of nursing, fail to explain their thoughts and ideas in writing form, and as a result, are unable to demonstrate their full potential. Yet some students may be struggling to understand or write an answer to the essay question they've been assigned. They may have too many other essays to do, or they may lack confidence in their abilities to earn the grade they desire.

Perhaps you've been assigned to analyze patient management or to debate notions of health, public health, and health promotion, which includes an understanding of the elements that influence health in a diverse and multi-cultural community, amongst other things. Furthermore, you may want to look into mental and physical health care, problem solving, and how you may prioritize your skills in the nursing field. Our previous clients have also inquired about how to make the transition from student nurse to qualified professional nurse, as well as how nurses might continue to expand their nursing experience and knowledge as their careers progressed. General nursing principles were discussed, as well as surgical and medical nursing concepts, with a thorough examination of case situations and the manner in which nursing care was delivered. In every situation in which you may find yourself, we have expert nursing researchers on hand to assist you in developing a successful model response.

Why use Nursing Writing Services Nursing Writing Help

  • When it comes to taking on your work, we only allow our qualified academic writers with matching qualifications to do so.
  • Your purchase will be subjected to stringent quality controls and will be checked against your instructions and academic standards by expert professionals; we will even provide you with a quality report to demonstrate our results.
  • We will include a full plagiarism report with your order, which will be created using our cutting-edge plagiarism software, ensuring that the work that is done does not contain any copied material.
  • You have a 7-day amendment time, so if you are dissatisfied with the job, please let us know and our customer care experts will address your problems as soon as possible.

Best Nursing Essay Writing Service

Are you a nursing student who has a slew of assignments to complete but doesn't have the time or resources to complete them? Then I'd say this site was designed to offer you nursing essay writing assistance. We understand that nursing school is one of the most difficult schools to attend, especially when it comes to the amount of work that must be completed. To be a successful nurse, you must possess both the necessary talents and achieve high academic standing. The majority of the time, your lecturer is simply concerned with giving you a high grade for a well-written essay. Many nursing students find it impossible to complete all of their nursing school tasks and projects while also maintaining outstanding academic performance.

When you consider the quantity of research that must be done, producing a good nursing essay takes a significant lot of time. If you're seeking for someone to write my nursing  essay for me, you can rely on our team of professional academic writers. To get started, simply place an order  through our website. Our support team, quality assurance team, and, of course, our excellent authors are all responsible for the constantly high quality of our nursing essay writing service. Any potential writer who approaches us has their qualifications validated, they are interviewed, and then they are subjected to a battery of tests. They are also given fake assignments to do in order to ensure that they are capable of handling all of the different types of requests we receive. We also conduct on-going quality audits, monitor essays, and reward our specialists for staying on top of all the newest advances in their respective fields. All of this is done in order to provide you with the greatest possible experience. You may learn everything you need to know about our writers by reading their profiles and the reviews posted by clients who have had the pleasure of working with them.

Nursing School Papers

An A-rated nursing paper is a difficult piece of analytical work that involves a thorough comprehension of the subject, excellent writing abilities and attention to detail. It doesn't matter how talented you are as a student nurse; writing an elegant nursing paper can be a time-consuming and exhausting task. However, there is a solution: use our nursing paper writing service. Why put yourself through the stress of writing a difficult nursing research paper when a skilled writer is available to assist you?

Why Use Our Services to Write Your School Nursing Assignments

Our Nursing School Nursing Papers are covered by a number of guarantees.

In order to advance to the next level in your career, your primary goal as a student is to earn the highest possible grades on assignments. This will act as a stepping stone to the next level in your job. This is why we put in all effort in our online nursing paper writing service to ensure that you receive the highest possible grade. The following assurances are included with every nursing paper purchased from our website:

  • Work that is free of plagiarism

Plagiarism is one of the most serious blunders that you can commit during your college or university experience. Because there are so many different types of plagiarism, avoiding it is never simple. Fortunately, you now have a solution in the form of nursing research papers purchased from professional writers. All nursing papers written by our specialists are 100% original and free of plagiarism.

  • Paper that has been well researched

All of the papers written by our authors are thoroughly researched and prepared professionally in order to ensure that you receive the best possible score. Our writers are excellent at following the requirements you supply, ensuring that you receive the highest possible grade. For example, if your professor has instructed you to prepare nursing papers in APA format, our writers will adhere to the most recent guidelines in order to ensure that you receive higher grades.

  • High Levels of Confidentiality

Your instructor anticipates that you will complete each nursing research paper on your own. As a result, when you seek our assistance with nursing papers, you can be certain of complete secrecy. In order to ensure that no one other than you is aware of the fact that the paper was ordered online, we exclusively communicate via your secure email account.

  • Rates That Are Reasonably Priced

One of the primary goals of our writing service is to ensure that every student may receive the nursing research paper aid he or she requires from us. Apart from the fact that we work with highly qualified nursing research paper writers, our services are also reasonably priced. If you place your order early enough, you may even be able to get a better deal than if you wait until the deadline is approaching.

Nursing Papers Online

Nursing writing services  is a renowned academic writing business that was established in order to provide students with exclusive writing services. According to our company's name, we provide  best nursing  academic writing services to nursing students from all over the world. Our company's goal is to bridge the gap between academics and school assessments by providing professional nursing assistance to kids. A comprehensive selection of academic writing services are available from us, ranging from admission essays and term papers to nursing research proposals, theses, and dissertation services. All of the authors at Cheap Nursing Papers are highly qualified academicians with a strong background in the field of medicine. This assures that we not only assist students in completing their tasks on time, but also that they receive higher grades in school.

What motivates us to do what we do?

Many nursing students confess that it is difficult to balance their education with the numerous activities that are part of the college experience. Because of the immense amount of strain they are under, many students choose to forego their academics in order to explore other areas of interest.  Nursing  writing company was established in order to bridge this gap by allowing nursing students to participate in many academic events while still receiving professional assistance with their education and assignments. Because of this, we've been actively giving low-cost nursing academic writing services to students from all over the world since 2009. As our firm grows, more and more customers recognize that we are the best in the business at what we do. We are widely regarded by our clientele for providing them with courteous, competent, and reasonably priced writing services that do not compromise on the quality of the services we provide.

Nursing Paper Writing Services

Undergraduate students' ability to write papers is critical to their learning process in nursing. When it comes to research, the significance increases by a factor of two. In reality, hardly every writer who specializes in one subject can also fulfill assignments in another subject area. As a result, our organization has a large number of professionals who can write in different nursing topics.

We will provide solutions to difficulties in place of you on any subject matter that you are interested in. Our nursing research paper writers have a great deal of experience in creating nursing research papers. As a result, you can put your trust in us, knowing that you will always obtain knowledgeable guidance in any topic from our professionals.

Need a nursing paper written on any topic in a variety of subjects? If you have seen our website, you should have no doubts about our abilities. Everything will be completed by our writers in accordance with your specifications. Because we have a vast staff of authors working on our nursing paper writing service platform, we are always able to assist our customers. Our managers will select the most appropriate professional for your needs. Furthermore, every client has the ability to communicate throughout the work process in order to explain any questions and so on.

Write my Nursing Paper for me

 Are you looking for a professional and qualified nursing writer to help you finish your assignments? Learn how to obtain nursing essay writing assistance: 

  • Step 1 : we'll have a look at what to do. Please provide us with all of the pertinent information about your nursing assignment, as well as the deadline. If further services are required, choose them.
  • Step 2: We match your nursing essay order with the best qualified writer who happens to be available at the time, and he or she immediately gets to work.
  • Step 3: The writer who has been assigned to your assignment begins working on it. Continue to communicate with us if you have any further information or questions.
  • Step 4: We run the finished nursing essay through a set of anti-plagiarism, style, grammar, and formatting checks to ensure it is free of errors.
  • Step 5: You will receive a high-quality essay created from scratch, and you will be able to approve the draft before receiving it in a convenient, editable version straight away.

Nursing Awards 2022

Nursing Awards 2022

The Royal College of Nursing Nursing Awards are returning in 2022, and they are larger and better than ever before!
It gives us great pleasure to inform that, following two years of virtual ceremonies, the RCN Nursing Awards will once again be presented during a live, in-person awards ceremony. Join us on Thursday, October 6th, at the Park Plaza Westminster Bridge Hotel in London as we recognize and celebrate the exceptional work, commitment, and accomplishments of the whole nursing community.
The Royal College of Nursing Nursing Awards recognize outstanding contributions to patient care and are accessible to all registered nurses, midwives, health visitors, nursing students, and nursing support professionals in the United Kingdom. To enter the RCN Nursing Awards, you do not need to be a member of the Royal College of Nursing.

Please share your experiences with us on innovative nursing-led projects and inspiring nursing practice so that we can recognize the great achievements of you and your colleagues in every care setting and at every stage of your nursing career. We look forward to hearing from you. We can spread the word about your practice to a larger audience, allowing even more people to benefit from what you are doing.

Finalists and winners of the RCN Nursing Awards frequently find an acceleration in their professional development as a result of the recognition and exposure they receive as a result of their participation in the awards. In addition to their previous achievements, many past winners have gone on to achieve even greater success and have become national leaders in nursing practice.

Finally, and perhaps most importantly, we would want to express our heartfelt gratitude to the whole nursing profession for their continual hard work and compassion, as well as to recognize and honor the devotion of individuals and nursing teams who make up the incredible nursing field.





Monday 24 January

Entries close

Friday 25 March

Online judging

Monday 25 April – Wednesday 11 May

Shortlist announcement

Wednesday 8 June

Judging Interviews

Monday 27 June – Wednesday 6 July


Thursday October


What are the awards in nursing?

Nursing Awards for Outstanding Performance
During National Nurses Week, the Department of Nursing honors the best and brightest examples of nursing achievement from across the country. Highland nurses can be nominated for these prestigious awards by any of the organization's employees, members of the medical staff, patients, and visitors, among others. In this year's competition, awards will be presented in the following areas:

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) Excellence Award

The recipient of this award will be a Licensed Practical Nurse who has demonstrated a commitment to providing high-quality patient care on a consistent basis. The individual will be acknowledged as a valuable team member who has made a significant contribution to the department's or organization's achievement of goals over the course of the previous year. The candidate constantly exemplifies the principles and behavioral standards of the ICARE organization.

The PCT Excellence Award is presented annually.

The recipient of this award will be a Patient Care Technician who has demonstrated a commitment to providing high-quality patient care on a consistent basis. The individual will be acknowledged as a valuable team member who has made a significant contribution to the department's or organization's achievement of goals over the course of the previous year. The candidate constantly exemplifies the principles and behavioral standards of the ICARE organization.

The Emerging Star Award

Nursing students who have been registered nurses for less than two years and who display a strong commitment to their profession will be eligible to receive this award. In the short time that he or she has been at Highland, the honoree has already demonstrated promise and made a significant contribution to the community.

Award for Outstanding Nursing Practice

In this category, the award will be given to a registered nurse who continuously practices excellence and who employs excellent competence and expertise in the care of patients in a hospital or in the community. This nurse advocates for the use of evidence to improve his or her individual practice as well as the broader nursing practice at Highland on a regular basis. This nurse serves as a role model for professionalism in all aspects of patient care.

Excellence in Nursing Professional Development (NPD) Award

Registered nurses who demonstrate consistent leadership in the professional development of nurses using adult education principles, implement education offerings to improve quality and safety based on current evidence, and demonstrate a personal commitment to and encourage academic advancement and professional organization membership will be recognized with this award. Who should be considered for this award? The recipient must be certified in the field in which he or she will be working.

The Jamie Philpott Nursing Leadership Excellence Award is presented annually.

The recipient of this award will be a registered nurse who displays great transformative leadership and has a demonstrated track record of delivering and maintaining excellent outcomes. This award was established in recognition of Jamie Philpott's remarkable contributions to the Department of Nursing and her great leadership.

Nursing Research and Innovation Award for Outstanding Contribution to Nursing Research and Innovation

The recipient of this award will be a registered nurse who exhibits the integration of scientific research skills with the innovative application of knowledge and technology in order to improve procedures of care and achieve good outcomes in her or his practice.

Nursing Mentor of the Year Award

An RN will be selected as the recipient of this award if she or he consistently exhibits clinical skill and innovative methods to orientation of new employees. This nurse educates new employees as they make the transition from school to professional practice and serves as a role model for other professionals.

Award for Dottie Haelen's Contribution to Nursing Practice

Individuals who consistently support the Department of Nursing's efforts to enhance practice and achieve goals that are reflective of excellence in patient care will be recognized with this significant award. For her great support and contributions to the Department of Nursing and Highland Hospital, Dottie Haelen was given this award in her honor, which was established in 2011.

National Awards Program

A national awards program, administered by the American Nurses Association (ANA), is designed to identify, celebrate, and recognize those who represent the very best in the nursing profession, as well as their contributions to the field of health care. The awards program also recognizes the positive difference that they have made in the lives of their coworkers and patients, as well as in the communities in which they live.

 Individual registered nurses' outstanding achievements and significant contributions to health care delivery are highlighted in the ANA National Awards Program, which is intended to reach out to those in the nursing profession, as well as to other health care professionals, government officials and the general public. Champions of nursing are also identified and recognized through the ANA National Awards Program, which includes leaders who have made major contributions in favor of the nursing profession despite the fact that they are not members of the nursing profession.

The Call for Nominations for Awards in 2021 has been closed. The deadline for submitting nominations for the ANA National Award was October 1, 2021 at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time. The recipients of the 2022 National Awards will be announced in the first quarter of 2022.

Criteria in general
If you are thinking about nominating yourself or a colleague for an ANA National Award, you should first read the National Awards Program Guide, which may be found here. The Guide contains crucial information, such as the following:

Details about each award, including qualifying requirements and selection procedures;
There is also an outline of the award nomination procedure, including suggestions for submitting a solid nomination and a link to the online nomination form; and deadlines for submitting and reviewing award submissions are provided.

National Award Categories

Awards for Distinguished Practice in Nursing recognize excellence in nursing research, nursing education, or nursing practice, as well as outstanding professional contributions made by an ANA member in the areas of research, education, clinical care, direct patient care, or public health. Awards for Distinguished Practice in Nursing are given to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to nursing research, nursing education, or nursing practice.

The Mary Ellen Patton Distinguished Direct Patient Care Award honors an individual registered nurse who provides exemplary direct patient care and makes significant contributions to the advancement of nursing practice by demonstrating a commitment to personal leadership development and serving as an inspirational role model for others.
Young Nurse Leader Award, given to a young nurse who has achieved great accomplishments and made substantial contributions to the nursing profession.

An individual registered nurse who has achieved significant contributions in nursing research, nursing education, or nursing practice is recognized with the Jessie M. Scott Foundations of Nursing Practice Award.
The Pearl McIver Public Health Service Award, established to honor extraordinary leadership and excellent professional accomplishments made by a public health nurse in influencing the role and improving the practice of public health nursing, was established in her honor in 2003.

Nurse Exemplar Awards serve to promote and highlight the American Nurses Association's (ANA) ongoing commitment to the principles of nursing ethics and the highest standards of nursing practice.

In recognition of extraordinary contributions to the nursing profession over an extended period of time through distinguished service, steadfast leadership, exceptional mentorship, effective advocacy, and innovative efforts that have had a long-lasting impact on the health and/or social and political history of the United States, the American Nurses Association has established the ANA Hall of Fame Award.

In recognition of showing the highest standards of ethics and leadership in his or her everyday practice, serving as an ethical role model, and encouraging ethical dialogue and/or scholarship, the Leadership in Ethics Award is given.

Nursing Honors and Recognition Champions are recognized for their remarkable achievements in the area of advocacy for the nursing profession and for the American Nurses Association.

Inspired by Barbara Thoman Curtis, Hildegard Peplau, and Shirley Titus, the Advocacy Award celebrates the individual registered nurse who accepts the role of advocate as a part of his or her professional identity and strives to make a difference in the lives of others.

It is given to an extraordinary leader or organization who has made significant contributions to the nursing profession but who is not a part of the nursing profession itself.

In the field of nursing, the Nursing Pioneer Awards acknowledge those who have made remarkable contributions to social justice by removing barriers and advancing a culture of fairness and inclusion in the profession.

The Luther Christman Award is given to an individual man in nursing who has made significant contributions to the profession of nursing in areas such as practice, research, teaching, public policy, and/or community service, among others.

In recognition of exceptional achievements to integration within the nursing profession either by a single registered nurse or by a group of registered nurses, the Mary Mahoney Award is given.


Types of Nursing Care Plans

Nursing Care Plans | Free Nursing Care Plan Examples for Registered Nurses (RNs) and Students | Nursing Care Plans

Overview and introduction to the nursing care plan: What Is a Nursing Care Plan and How Does It Work? A nursing care plan is a component of the nursing process that specifies the plan of action that will be implemented during a patient's medical care. It is also known as a nursing care strategy. A care plan is typically completed by an LPN or a Registered Nurse (RN) following an in-depth assessment of the patient's needs.


Atopic Dermatitis | Poison Ivy | Impaired Comfort: A Nursing Care Plan (NCP)

It is intended for patients who are experiencing some form of allergic reaction to their skin, as described in this NCP nurse care plan for atopic dermatitis. In this case, the patient is suffering from an allergic reaction to poison ivy and is experiencing severe pruritus as a result of it. The nursing diagnostic of Impaired Comfort will be used, and our patient's goals and nursing actions will be discussed .


Nursing Care Plan and Diagnosis for Mastitis

This nursing care plan and diagnosis is for Mastitis that is associated with breastfeeding. It is called mastitis when there is inflammation of the breast tissue. Most of the time, it is caused by blocked ducts or milk stasis that occurs during nursing. It is quite rare for a woman who is not breastfeeding to get mastitis, but it does happen.

Nursing Care Plan and Diagnosis for Tracheostomy and Tracheotomy

This document contains a nurse care plan as well as a diagnostic for Tracheostomy or Tracheotomy surgery. Risk factors for poor airway clearance, infection, and limited vocal communication are all included in the nursing diagnosis for these conditions: As a nurse, you may come across a patient who has a tracheostomy tube in their throat. The term "trach" may be used in the medical field to refer to this device.

Nursing Care Plan & Diagnosis for Hysterectomy| Risk for Infection & Grieving

Following a hysterectomy, this nursing care plan for nurses offers a diagnosis and care plan for the patient, along with nursing interventions and outcomes for the following conditions: Due to the loss of a body part, there is a risk of infection as well as grief. The removal of the female reproductive organs, often known as a hysterectomy, puts patients at risk for infection and increases their chances of experiencing post-operative grief.

Nursing Care Plan and Diagnosis for Mastectomy |Nanda Goals & Interventions


For a patient who has undergone a Mastectomy, this nursing care plan offers a diagnosis and care plan for nurses that includes nursing interventions and outcomes for the following conditions: Physical mobility is impaired, and grief is experienced as a result of breast cancer. Patients who have undergone a Mastectomy have limited movement as a result of the loss of the pectoral muscle during the procedure


How to write a Care Plan

Care plans are a method of approaching and streamlining the nursing process in a planned manner. They also make it possible for a nursing team to communicate effectively. This tutorial will assist you in understanding the principles of nursing care plans as well as the steps involved in creating them. Also included will be a list of best practices to keep in mind, as well as a sample nursing care plan that you may download and print on your own time.

The Most Important Reasons for Having a Care Plan

It is the goal of a nursing care plan to describe the patient's requirements and desires, as well as the nursing interventions (or implementations) that will be used to achieve those requirements. The care plan, which is kept on file with the patient's health record, is used to ensure that the patient receives continuity of care. 5

The following are the primary reasons for creating a care plan:

  • A care plan assists nurses and other members of the patient's care team in organizing various areas of the patient's care according to a timeline. It also serves as a tool for them to think critically and holistically in order to provide care that is supportive of the patient's physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being.
  • A care plan makes it easier to allocate a patient to a nurse who has certain abilities and expertise; it also makes it easier to communicate with the patient. It is more likely that patients will become more involved in their therapy and recovery if they have specific goals to work toward. 
  • Collaboration among members of the nursing team .Care planning enables for a team of nurses (as well as physicians, physician assistants, and other care providers) to share information, express ideas, and coordinate in order to provide the best possible care for the patient.
  • Documentation and adherence to regulations . A well-written care plan enables nurses to assess the success of their interventions and to document the fact that they were carried out. This is necessary both to enhance the efficiency of care delivery and to provide documentation for medical professionals.

What Are the Different Components of a Care Strategy?

Care plans are organized according to a five-step framework, which includes the following steps: assessment, diagnosis, outcomes and planning, implementation, and evaluation.



Application of Nursing Theory to Practice

Nursing theoriesIntroduction and the Practice Problem: Part 1 of Applying Theory to a Real-World Situation

Section 1: Introduction

In the present era, the area of nursing is always growing in order to address the new challenges that arise in every environment. Numerous hospitals have incorporated the nursing code of ethics and nursing theories into their daily operations, and as a result, they have achieved positive outcomes. There have been a number of nursing theories developed over the years that have made a significant impact to the nursing profession. The importance of nursing theory in nursing practice cannot be overstated because it provides a strong framework to define and support nursing practice, improves the quality of patient care, and provides solutions to problems that arise in nursing practices. Nursing theory has a significant impact on patient care and should not be overlooked (Parse, 1995). The theory of human caring developed by Jean Watson provides a solid foundation for recognizing the importance of learning and applying nursing concepts in order to resolve the issues that arise on a daily basis in the workplace. This section will go into greater detail on how nursing theories influence nurse staffing in hospitals.
Problem Solving in Practice and Its Importance
According to a large body of nursing literature, nurse staffing has been a persistent concern for most hospitals for many years (Alligood and Tomey, 2006). Healthcare officials have acknowledged that the shortage of nurses and doctors is a persistent problem that has an impact on the safety of patients and nurses. Staffing in the acute care sector is a difficult topic for many nurse leaders, clinical nurses, and educators working in the field of nursing. Hospitals with insufficient or low nurse staffing levels have inferior patient outcomes, resulting in a reduction in the overall quality of treatment. Patients' safety is jeopardized by a reduction in nursing staff, which leads to an increase in medication errors, patient falls, longer hospital stays, and a higher rate of patient mortality.


Despite the fact that the problem is hurting nursing professionals, traditional means of fixing the problem, such as retention strategies and financially focused recruitment, have not been successful in completely addressing the problem.
Nonetheless, applying nursing theories has brought valuable insights into how nurses can work diligently to improve the quality of care they provide to patients. Managers and hospital administrators are aware of the need to improve the quality of care while also raising the morale of nurses. Indeed, when nurses are driven to do their duties, they can be extremely valuable resources in the effort to improve the overall well-being of their patients.
Nurses in today's culture encounter numerous problems as they attempt to strike a balance between their personal lives and their professional lives. The use of Watson's theory has helped healthcare leaders understand that nurses need be motivated by a variety of incentives in order to perform their tasks efficiently. It provides a solid foundation for hospitals to recognize that human caring is a critical part of nursing that promotes quality care and helps to resolve staffing concerns. Everyone working in a clinical setting must recognize that a human being is a valuable being who deserves to be nurtured, assisted, supported, cared for, and appreciated if the problem of nurse staffing is to be fully addressed. According to this notion, a caring environment is one that promotes the growth of an individual's well-being while also allowing the healthcare practitioner to achieve his or her professional goals (McEwen and Wills, 2011, p. 1).
Because the theory of human care is applied in the hospital setting, nurse managers and leaders recognize the importance of motivating nurses to carry out their responsibilities successfully with the goal of encouraging high-quality care delivery in their facilities. The implementation of Watson's theory has been utilized to improve nursing practice and offer nurses with the most fulfilling aspects of their jobs that contribute to the improvement of overall patient care and satisfaction.
The use of theories in nursing is logical in the sense that it provides solutions to immediate problems that arise in the health-care industry (Parker, 2006).


M. R. Alligood and A. M. Tomey are co-authors of the paper (2006). 3rd edition of Nursing Theory: Its Utilization and Application. Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri.
McEwen and Wills, E. M. McEwen and E. M. Wills (2011). Nursing has a theoretical foundation (32nd ed.). Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Parker, M. E., et al (2006). Nursing theories and nursing practice are two sides of the same coin (2nd ed.). F. A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
R. R. Parse, R. R. Parse (1995). Awakenings: The human becoming a theoretical construct in both practice and research The National League for Nursing Press is located in New York, New York.

Bibliography of the Theorists

Jean Watson is a well-known nurse theorist who has had a profound impact on the globe by her expertise and contribution of human compassion to the profession. Watson was born on June 10, 1940, and is a well-known scholar as well as the founder of the Watson Caring Science Institute. As a non-profit organization, the institution is dedicated to advancing understanding of human caring practices and theories in the healthcare and social service sectors, as well as to expanding such insights. Watson's six honorary doctorates, which have had a profound impact on the world, have been recognized by modern society. The theorist has had the honor of teaching nurses and other healthcare professionals from all around the world about the idea of human caring during his travels. Watson graduated from Lewis Gale School in 1961 and continued her education at Colorado University, where she received her bachelor's degree in 1963.

Application of Theory to Practice 5

She went on to obtain her M.S. in 1966 and her PhD in education and counseling psychology in 1973, both from the University of California, Los Angeles.
It has been demonstrated that this idea is applicable in the present era, as the corpus of nursing knowledge has become more recognized as a separate caring science and profession that is capable of transforming the well-being of human beings. It is essential that the aspect of human caring rules the body of nursing in the sense that this activity has enhanced a significant impact in ensuring that all patients are treated with dignity and respect, regardless of where they are coming from. Dr. Watson's theory is comprised of three primary components that have been applied in the field of nursing. Caring factors, transpersonal caring interactions, and caring moments are some of the variables that contribute to caring. Nurses have been urged to engage in these activities at all costs, regardless of the difficulties that may arise in the process. The practice of nursing would be altered if this theory were to be adopted, in the sense that every human being desires to be cared for and loved.
Theory's propositions and concepts are referred to as
Accordion to this view, human beings are capable of showing compassion for other human beings.
The fulfillment of human needs, according to this theorist, is achieved through the provision of human caring in the nursing profession. When displayed at healthcare institutions, the aspect of human caring has been shown to improve the health of people as well as the growth of families. A caring atmosphere is essential because it allows individuals to make the best decisions for themselves and others around them, therefore improving their own lives and the lives of those around them. In summary, the key assumption of this theory is that interpersonal interaction is critical in improving the overall quality of care, and that this reflects on the inherent human nature of providing and expressing care in one's fellow human.
One way in which the theorist describes her theory is through the use of ten significant factors that promote healing, health, and completeness in human beings. The practice of love and kindness toward others is one of the 10 criteria.

Applicability of Theory to Practice to self and other people,

Instilling faith and encouraging others, nurturing individuals' beliefs so that they have confidence in life, fostering trusting and helping relationships, taking every opportunity as an opportunity to grow, supporting individual needs, and developing creative solutions that improve patients' well-being are all examples of application of theory to practice. Others include providing a healthy environment that addresses the sociological, spiritual, and physical needs of the patients, performing acts of healing and catering to human needs, and remaining open to accepting any and all challenges that may arise in the healthcare field. The ten factors address the importance of having self-respect and respect for others in positions of authority. Interpersonal relationship interventions require an understanding of theoretical foundations. This offers a strong foundation on which healthcare practitioners or nurses may stand since they recognize the value of creating great relationships with both their colleagues and patients as a whole. According to the theory, the nursing profession should embrace the concepts of caring, forgiveness, kindness, and compassion in their daily nursing practice (Meleis, 2007).
Theoretical Concepts Implemented in Practice
When describing the importance of having a compassionate approach in nursing leadership, the notion has been applied. In particular, it provides enough insights and a solid foundation for understanding how human care establishes a solid platform for improving quality management. Leaders can use this idea to better understand and encourage nurses in order to attain a guided or structured vision of patient-centered care delivery. As previously stated, encouraging people within an organization is critical in order to improve customer care services and hence increase revenue. As a result, motivating nurses contributes to the healing and wholeness of patients. In order to have ethical and moral standards or principles that address the challenges that arise in the administration and delivery of patient care, nurse managers need to have a good understanding of nursing theory (McEwen and Wills, 2011).

When it comes to providing patient care, nurse staffing is a critical consideration that hospitals cannot overlook (McEwen and Wills, 2011). Although many hospitals spend a lot of resources managing the workflow and optimizing staff hours, much needs to done about caring of nurses. When a hospital embrace the aspect of caring for its staff, then this will increase nurse retention, customers or else patients’ satisfaction, and improve the entire delivery of care. Therefore, understanding the concept of human caring is crucial as it lays a strong ground where nurses are motivated to perform their tasks. It also lays a strong path for nurses to exercise their duties to improve the well-being of patients.
Practice Change with the Theory Implementation
A perfect example of how human caring theory can enhance change can be outline in solving the issue of nurse staffing. According to Brown (2005), nursing leaders can address this issue by implementing the basic concepts of the theory. For instance, nurse managers can support nurses to engage in human or else self-care practices and activities that promote love, kindness, and respect of self and others. Nurse leaders can also develop and implement health policies that provide healing process, support team work, allows nurses to rest, and help nurses to learn from one another. In so doing, this would demonstrate how utilizing this theory would enhance a significant contribution in the work environment and reduce the issue of nurse staffing. This theory allows nurse leaders to incorporate human caring in depth and ensure that nurses are working hard to improve the well-being of patients. The impact and connection between nurses’ leaders, nurses and patients are understood by understanding Ken Wilbur’s integrated theory (Hamric, Spross and Hanson, 2009).



Brown, S. J. (2005). Direct clinical practice. In A.B. Hamric, J.A. Spross, C. M. Hanson (Eds) Advanced practice nursing: An integrative approach, (3rd ed.). (pp. 143-185). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
Hamric, A. B., Spross, J. A., and Hanson, C. M. (2009). Advanced practice nursing: An integrative approach (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.
McEwen, M., and Wills, E. (2011). Theoretical basis for nursing (3nd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.
Meleis, A. F. (2007). Theoretical nursing: Development and progress (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.

Section 3

Borrowed Theorist Biography

Over the years, Wilbur’s theory has been known to support the input of human caring theory by Jean Watson. Born in 1949 in Oklahoma City, Ken Wilber is the most celebrated and influential American Philosopher of the modern age. Wilber’s journey to discussing about human caring has been fascinating. Wilber enrolled at Duke University in 1967 and he became inspired to influence the world with his teachings. After few years, Wilber enrolled in the Nebraska University Lincoln where he pursued a degree in biology and chemist and later a master degree in biochemistry. While in school, Wilber became interested in western and eastern philosophy and psychology and he established the need to elaborate about consciousness through which he later used this concept to incorporate integrated theory. In 2000, Wilbur established the


Integral Institute, whose aim was to educate many people about self-awareness. Wilbur believed that human beings have the responsibility of knowing who they are and further encouraged his audience to care for self and others. Indeed, the theorist support the theory of human caring various books such as “Caring Science as sacred science” and the Philosophy and science of human caring” (McEwen and Wills, 2011).
Theory Applied Practically
Integral theory has had a superb reputation of providing insights about western and eastern understanding of the consciousness. The theory has been applied to politics, art, business, medicine, ecology, and spirituality. Through this theory, researchers have established applications of coaching, leadership, and development. In leadership aspect, the theory provides insights of leadership theories and further help people to apply them in different perspectives.
The model described by the theorist discusses four models; one that examines the self, collective aspects, internal, and external aspects. Understanding the four quadrant models creates a strong platform to enhance an environment that cares for people. Integral theory has also been applied by instructors at colleges when leading students and enhancing an environment that facilitates smooth learning experience.
Practice Change with the Theory Implementation
Nursing practice would change by incorporating this theory in the sense that, it creates insights on the importance of having a strong identity. Through this theory, nurses are encouraged to know who they are and further work hard to enhance the well being of others.
Indeed, when an individual knows who they are in terms of their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats then they are in a better position to do activities that enhance the well


being of people. In the nursing field, it helps nurses to avoid tasks that would deteriorate the well being of patients. In addition, this theory is appropriate in solving the root issues of staffing. For instance, by using the quadrant model used by Wilbur namely the self, collective aspects, internal, and external aspects, nurse leaders can understand the importance of making decisions that improves the well-being of staff and patients. Having a clear understanding of self may be vital for leaders in making the decisions that eradicate the issue of nurse staffing. Understanding how to motivate nurses to perform their tasks effectively would be vital in eradicating the issue of staffing and improving patients’ health (Dreyfusn and Dreyfus, l986).

Potential Challenges
It is vital to note that, the change does not rely on the most common methods of retention and recruitment, rather requires the hospital and its management is to have adequate knowledge on how enact the change required. Thus, applying this theory may be costly especially when creating awareness to the employees on how to improve their services to patients. Educating and training employees on the aspect of caring demand a lot of resources. (Alligood and Tomey, 2006).
Nurse staffing has been a common challenge faced in most healthcare institutions. Over the years, this issue has been address through various methods such as additional pay incentives, and recruitment bonuses. Despite the initiative made to address the issue, the truth of the matter is that these methods have not fully addressed the root cause of the issue. With this in mind, applying Integral and human caring theory promotes a caring environment. By applying


Watson’s theory, healthcare leaders understand the importance of having rewards in the workplace. This theory creates the need to motivate competent and potential employees in the organization. Despite the benefits that emerge from applying this theory, the truth of the matter is that it requires adequate training to be effective in the workplace. An organization must invest on giving rewards to their employees to motivate their effort.


Alligood, M. R., and Tomey, A. M. (2006). Nursing theory: Utilization and Application (3rd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Dreyfus, H. L., and Dreyfus, S. E. (l986). Mind over machine: The power of human intuition and expertise in the era of the computer. New York: Free Press.
McEwen, M., and Wills, E. (2011). Theoretical basis for nursing, 3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.